Home Forums Sustainable Water Management (SWM01) SWM01 – Content Related Questions

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This topic contains 13 replies, has 9 voices, and was last updated by  SEVERE FOSSI TUEKAM 3 years, 2 months ago.

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  • #7788
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    Damian Indij
    Keymaster

    Dear all, please use this space to post questions and/or comments related to the basic reading or the other related publications. The module facilitators will be replying your questions.

  • #7798
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    Valeria Mendoza
    Keymaster

    Hi everybody 🙂 ! Welcome to this forum. Don´t hesítate to contact us anytime you need through this doubt forum or through our personal e-mails: Valeria Mendoza (amicodo@yahoo.com.ar) / Eduardo Comellas (eduardocomellas@hotmail.com). Have a nice day and enjoy the training material. :):)

  • #7800
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    Ramadhan Mohammed
    Participant

    The role of electronic media as powerful tools for bringing change even in the rural areas worldwide, as a powerful tools can force and support media and cause to be very helpful for ‘making aware’ in developing communities whom exposed to various economic risks and vulnerabilities and are prone to different economic hazardous events that turn into disasters due to lack of mitigation and preparedness.

    • #7816
      Profile picture of
      Valeria Mendoza
      Keymaster

      Hi Ramadhan, I fully agree with you and the scientific community should strive to reach rural areas to help them prevent and overcome different hazardous events. And this can only be best achieved through electronic media.

  • #7844

    Concept of water as economic goods was accepted in Swaziland after 2003, with the approval of the Water Act of 2003. The Water act spelt it out clear to water users that there is high need for every stakeholder to partake in the development and management of water resources. However, this came with resistance from the users especially those in rural areas because they regarded water as a social good. In the urban areas it was regarded as an economic good because water is supplied at cost to the people and the services was sustained if the real cost of supplying is not recovered and then water was handled with care.
    With regard to commercial farmers and industrial settings there are subsidies for better usage of the resource as well as penalties for effluents discharged in the our rivers. Hence we discourage industries to discharge effluents into the rivers.

    • #7847
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      Valeria Mendoza
      Keymaster

      Thanks for your post. Water is not only a social good – linked with the concept of Human Right to Water and Sanitation – but also an economic good even if it’s not charged. It’s an economic good because it’s usefull and scarce and we should be able to explain that we are not talking about prices that consumers can’t pay.

    • #8007
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      Alejandro Rossi
      Participant

      Hi Malangeni, my name is Alejandro Rossi. I am tutor of Module 3 and I would like to ask you a general question on 2003 Water Act. Do you know how far had reached authorities regarding the Water Resources Master Plan? According with Section 10 “(2) The Plan shall contain an inventory of the total water resources of Swaziland and a comprehensive programme of action in which the maximum value can be obtained from this resource for the benefit of the people of Swaziland”. I would like to know a) if there has been made a complete inventory of Swasiland water resources. b) if there is already a Water Resources Master Plan and c) If this Plan is currently being implemented by authorities. Thank you very much in advance! Alejandro.

  • #7867
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    Khema Pelapolwatte
    Participant

    Water is an economic good and equally a social good. But the general public and higher authorities specially policy makers and politicians should be taught and to made understand the gravity of the water scarcity in quantity as well as quality.

    • #7868
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      Ramadhan Mohammed
      Participant

      Water is a human right and an economic commodity
      The right to water is a basic human right, and every citizen should get water in sufficient quantities and quality, but excess needs have to be payees for of its needs, to prevent assaults and thefts accountability must be held.
      Iraqi citizen before and now whom are supplied by water from the municipality network connected to house in cities only are paying the price of water.
      In Iraq we don’t consider water as a commercial commodity because it is priceless, but we are living in a time that no longer access to water is possibly easy as all Iraqi water resources are coming from outside the country borders, and riparian countries are controlling the discharge of rivers by constructing huge dams and irrigation projects, so water in Iraq now from quantity point of view is less water entering the Iraqi borders and from quality in other hand the water is contaminated by many polluted materials, so it need more sterilizing process and pumping and good pipeline water networks for distribution.
      So we have not to deal with water as a economic commodity but as it is a rare substance that has a large value, and the necessity and priority for our life and existence.

  • #7870
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    Tshepo Setlhogile
    Participant

    Hello, myname is Tshepo from Botswana. My question relates to water pricing as one of the ways to ensure water is treated as an economic good. How can we make sure that pricing integrates integrates poverty reduction?

  • #8010
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    Rosario Barranquero
    Participant

    Dear teachers,

    I have a question regard to Quiz of Module II. I don’t understand in depth the phrase “They are effects that falls on a different economic unit, e.g. reduction of vector of transmission of waterborne diseases”. Please can you enlarge the explain of this phrase for answer the question numbre 4 of the Quiz?.

    Thank you very much. Rosario Soledad Barranquero

    • #8012
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      Valeria Mendoza
      Keymaster

      Hi Rosario, let’s talk about externalities …. they are effects that falls on a different economic unit …
      In Economics, we say that there are externalities when the activity of an economic unit (consumer or producer) affects welfare of others consumers or costs of others producers. The externalities can be originated from the production or consumption of goods and they may be negative (when the action of the economic unit harms another one) or positive (when the action of an economic unit benefits to another one).
      A simple example of a negative externality from the production of a good can be: a chemical company poured its waste into a river polluting water and generating odors. The company directly harms people living in that area and not pay for the damage their discharges cause.
      On the other hand, positive consumption externalities occur when the use of a good (by a consumer or group of consumers) improve the welfare of other consumers and the latest one don’t have to pay anything in return. Imagine, e.g., a person that works at your office: if he/she has safe drinking water he/she doesn’t get sick and you don’t catch it (reduction of vector of transmission of water diseases).
      Don’t hesitate to contact me again if this explanation doesn’t answer your inquiry. Grettings.

  • #8057
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    Tshepo Setlhogile
    Participant

    Hello. My name is Tshepo Setlhogile from Botswana. We have been undergoing a water reform process where one of the components is to develop a water policy and revise legislation (the Acts are as old as 1968).!the policy has been drafted since 2012 but awaits approval by parliament. My issue is this process is taking long and apparaently the legislation cannot be revised before the policy is approved. What is the procedure in other countries? And how can we ensure that politicians approve water resources management policies. One of the hottest issues that is being contested is the implementation of water abstraction fee which has never been done before here but the draft policy is advocating for this. Tjis may not sit well with the politicians.

  • #9238
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    SEVERE FOSSI TUEKAM
    Participant

    Hi every one, I tried to download videos from the platform, in order to continue to watch them after the end of the course, but it seems impossible to download them. Is there any possiblity to get these excellent videos? How can I do, or how do to get others videos regarding IWRM and SWM. Thanks a lot in advance.

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