Home Forums DRR05 Drought Risk Reduction in IWRM DRR05 – Forum for module 5

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This topic contains 12 replies, has 9 voices, and was last updated by  shamim 2 years, 7 months ago.

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  • #11852
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    carlos diaz delgado
    Participant

    Dear all, for this forum we have selected a set of questions. Please share your views on any of them. The idea is that you find interesting entry points to participate.

    Questions:

    Which and who´s interests might be affected by a severe drought event?
    What type of “water knowledge” is needed to move into strategic planning tasks to improve resilience against drought phenomena?
    Who loses when a plan for drought risk management is not integrated or not effective?
    Is there any strategic plan for drought events in your country?
    Could you please explain how it has been developed?

  • #11899
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    ledoux
    Participant

    Dear Carlos,

    From Wamba André Le Doux.

    1) Which and who´s interests might be affected by a severe drought event?

    Droughts can struck the economy of a country, especially, when it occurs in several major breadbasket regions simultaneously, adding to food price instability. In countries already facing reduced food security, cost spikes can lead to social unrest, migration, and famine. Several price spikes have occurred over the last decade, often connected to crop failures or poor yield.

    Moreover, Severe drought event affects:

    -Goverment authorities
    -traditional authorities
    -climate,
    -air quality,
    -the quality of freshwater and marine resources,
    -water quantity,
    -water quality,
    -biodiversity,
    -territorial management,
    -employment issues,
    -workplace, workers and work processes,
    -health and safety strategy,
    -hazardous substances,
    -land use,
    -water use,
    -material use,
    -pastoralists
    -farmers
    -breeders
    -women
    -children
    -etc

    Severe drought event can also affect:

    •Agriculture: droughts affect livestock and crops, including cornerstone commodities like corn, soybeans and wheat;

    •Transportation: recent droughts have had major impacts on water levels and the ability to move goods along the river. Transport barges need at least nine feet of water;

    •Wildfires: Several millions of forested acres and thousands of homes have been lost over the past decade due to fires thriving in dry, stressed forest environments and because of the proximity of communities to fire-prone forests;

    •Energy: droughts can raise concerns about the reliability of electricity production from plants that require cooling water to maintain safe operations. When heat waves coincide with droughts, electricity demands can grow, compounding stress on the grid.

    Best regards

  • #11910
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    fakunle
    Participant

    Dear Carlos,

    Every body will be affected from severe drought events. Be it plants, animals and humans. The environment and ecosystem entirely will be affected. In-terms of humans, the vulnerable such as the women, the children, the less privileged, the orphans, the poor will have it effect most. Farmers whose livelihood depends on rain-fed agriculture also feel it.

    I have seen drought situation in Burkina Faso and extreme northern Nigeria whereby women trek for several kilometers before they could get few kegs of water to use for cooking. In-fact, we have to take our bath in the evening when rate of evaporation and dust is low. During dry seasons in remote communities of these countries, some rivers, stream, lakes and water-bodies that the propoor and other members of the rural communities depend on dried up.

    What then was the aftermath of this events? Complete suffering for man, plants and animals and even, the environment.

    So, whenever we talk about severe drought events, it affects all, distort all and majorly, the propoor members of the community usually bears the brunk.

    Thank you

  • #11911
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    fakunle
    Participant

    Dear Carlos,

    In response to question 2: water knowledge needed to move into strategic planning task are:

    1. Integrated development approach that is encompasses on sustainable development such that social, economic and environmental issues are taking care of.
    2. Indigenous knowledge specific to that community which are useful in managing water. This will make it easier for intervention agents to get to the grassroots people and promotes their active participation. Change agents will also find it easier to build on existing knowledge for better performance.
    3. Knowledge on the use of stakeholders/ organizations in the community in a community lead participatory approach which will promote sustainable management of water and other natural resources found in the environment.
    4. Diversification of livelihood and other income-generating activities is also important. This will promote demand management of little available water in the community.

    Thank you

  • #11918
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    eralkhan
    Participant

    eralkhan
    participant
    1- severe drought event is not only affecting the humanbeing but it also affects the ecosystem as a whole of that rrgion.although it is trur that poor people are more vulnerable but richone are also affected by inflation of food items due to the low production of food items due to drought events.
    2- DRR planning under IWRM is an essential to alleviate the risk of drought events and it will improve the resilence.
    3- all are suffering in direct or indirect way from the impact of drought events in the whole region.
    4- in our country,india,we are suffering every year from drought events in anyone part of country.we are not only affected in arid and semi-arid region but our semi-humid area is also affected by drought.
    our government is trying her best to reduce its impact.there is a paradigm shift from drought relief operstion to drought mitigation operation.
    we are adopting watershed development/rainfsll water harvesting as a short-term measures and river basin development/run-off harvesting as a long-term measures to reduce the impact of drought events.
    recharge of ground water through afforestation is on top priority along with other mode of recharging the ground water.
    agricultural adjustment of crops from rice and sugarcane to pulses,oilseed,jowar and bajra is being shifted,development of horticulture and grass land is also in priority list for food and fodder.
    eralkhan@gmail.com
    eralkhan@gmail.com

  • #11919
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    fakunle
    Participant

    Yes, its true that everybody suffers during severe drought. Both the rich, the poor and the ecosystem. India is taking giant steps to address the issue. However in Sub Saharan Africa, much more have to be done by the government and other stakeholders else, the future of the coming generation may be at great risk!

  • #11920
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    Menahil Hannouna
    Participant

    Are there any research papers published and available that illustrate the process of strategic drought planning ?? and how can we access the SPPSM software ?Is there a link ??

  • #11934
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    carlos diaz delgado
    Participant

    Thanks all of you for your comments and right answers. First of all, I hope the Reading material has increased your knowledge about drought at least on the topic about how to put the main issues together in order to build or increase resilience on the system (drought affected area). It is important to stress that before the course you had already many tools to deal with droughts and then increase resilience on the system. But, for some reason you did not use them because they were not linked. As you can see over the modules of this training course your knowledge about drought was enormous, however the structure of the course and methodologies facilitate to strengthened your comprehension about this phenomena and I am sure you will be agents of change and builders of capacities on Drought risk reduction.
    The software SPPSM will be available very soon, because now I am on vacations, but I will be back to my office in two weeksBest regards
    Carlos Diaz

  • #12021
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    Godwin Kamtukule
    Participant

    Dear Carlos

    I trust it’s not too late comment!

    Severe drought events are detrimental to all sectors both directly or indirectly. Of primary impacts is health and economic related impacts since agriculture sector and other development sectors rely on water. As much as possible approaches to deal with drought related events ought to be done at lowest possible levels by engaging the affected groups. It is only through informed research and indigenous knowledge that innovative approaches can be developed to come up with best strategies in dealing with drought related impacts. In the absence of proper plans and strategies, losses are encountered by everyone. In fact, Government lose more. For example, if agriculture yield is too low, then government is forced to import food which should otherwise have been produced locally. Without enough water communities in rural and urban areas go for unprotected water sources which lead to unavoidable water related illnesses. Governments import medication using money which should have otherwise gone to other productive purposes. No proper investments are possible both nationally and even at an individual household level. I am now aware of any drought management strategies in my country. Otherwise all what I see is reactive approaches through emergency response. This trends pushed governments and people to work and operate under pressure, usually no proper engagement is done and all actions are short term and not long term. I think we need to start developing risk-based approaches to our development initiatives.

  • #12115
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    Pheko
    Participant

    Dear all, the interests of who will he affected by severe drought depends on what someone/an organisation or any group is doing at the period of drought occurrence.For instance, for a commercial or substantial farmer,the interest is on agricultural production. As such, severe drought will have impacts on the farmers. In summery, this is to say that severe drought has impacts on many activities requiring Water for the environment and the people. The type of knowledge required to move into strategic planning involves knowing the who os affected, vulnerable areas and so on. The hotspots will be the ones who loose when drought management plan is not integrated and these will also include the custodians for drought management. There is a strategic plan for drought management in my country which several actions to manage drought.

  • #12141
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    SEVERE FOSSI TUEKAM
    Participant

    Dear all,

    The long absence of rain, which may be linked to climate change, can cause poor harvests of food and cash crops. Farm lands and livestock can be destroyed.

    Thank you.

  • #12176
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    shamim
    Participant

    Dear Carlos

    In response to given question i.e
    Who loses when a plan for drought risk management is not integrated or not effective?

    I would add that, Risk Management Planning can be described as identifying actions that can be taken by individual citizens, industry, government, and others before a hazard occurs to better adapt and respond to impacts arising from a hazard. In many parts of the world, the approach to droughts is generally reactive and tends to focus on crisis management. Both at the national and regional scale, responses are known to be often untimely, poorly coordinated and lacking the necessary integration. As a result, the economic, social and environmental impacts of droughts have increased significantly in many regions of the world. Thanks

  • #12189
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    shamim
    Participant

    Dear Carlos

    In response to given question i.e

    “Is there any strategic plan for drought events in your country?
    Could you please explain how it has been developed?”

    Pakistan is vulnerable to disaster risks from a range of hazards including avalanches, cyclones/storms, droughts, earthquakes, epidemics, floods, glacial lake outbursts, landslides, pest attacks, river erosion and tsunami. In Pakistan, the massive 2005 earthquake was a turning point in disaster risk management system. As Pakistan has a long history of natural hazards and almost every year, the impacts of disasters put extra pressure on the country budget. Looking to the transition in economic system, the importance of disaster risk reduction (DRR) was realized and the national disaster management commission (NDMC) was established in 2006 to proactively respond to disasters. In this regard, national disaster management authority (NDMA), a focus body was assigned a task to implement policies, strategies and programs of disaster risk reduction. Eventually, national disaster risk management framework (NDRMF) was developed in 2007, which provides guidelines for all the key stakeholders and in 2013 national disaster risk reduction policy (NDRRP) was developed. However, there is a need of sustainable socio-economic and environmental development to properly mainstream DRR into policies and programs and especially to cater the poor and marginalized people of the country. To make the country more resilient, to a wide range of disasters, there is an emergent and consist need of enhancement in social, physical, economic and institutional capacity both at national and local level.

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