Home Forums Sustainable Water Management (SWM01) SWM01 – River basin management

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This topic contains 10 replies, has 9 voices, and was last updated by  SEVERE FOSSI TUEKAM 3 years, 2 months ago.

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  • #8689
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    Damian Indij
    Keymaster

    Let´s start with these two open questions so we can explore the topic of river basin management:

    • Has river basin management of water resources been introduced where you live?
    • What is the biggest challenge for implementing IWRM in the basin.

    Please try to keep your comments to about 10 lines. The goal of this forum is not to exhaust the topic, but to open a discussion and understand gender mainstreaming and how (or not) it is applied and implemented in diverse contexts. Don´t worry for answering all questions. Let´s share and build knowledge together!

  • #8793
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    Alex Lane
    Participant

    As a starter, its obvious but I’d say that data is a fundamental requirement for allowing sound river basin management. I think that many instances of poor water resource management can be traced to a lack of data or a misunderstanding over impact. On example in Australia is the mining industry. When many mines were first proposed, they were located in remote regions where no data had ever previously been collected. The mining companies happily began their work only to gradually become exposed to environmental regulation. The problem was that because there was no data collection program prior to the mining activity, no one truly knew what a natural river looked like in terms of hydrology and water quality. This means that discussions over the potential water resource impacts of mining activities often aren’t founded in truly scientific analyses and regulators lack a strong argument for forcing the companies to change their practices.

    • #8890
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      carlos diaz delgado
      Participant

      Hello Alex,
      You are absolutely right about the need of a minimum of information as a baseline of the environmental status of a watershed and water quality flowing through the river network. However, there is always something to do in order to estimate the previous status of the water resources. Even though these estimations will be only an approach it could be a spark to start a set of more detailed studies and a first version of an IWRM plan.

  • #8807
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    Khema Pelapolwatte
    Participant

    In Sri Lanka river basin management has been first introduced in 1949 when Gal Oya Development Board (GODB) was started in the East of the country.This large multi purpose project had components of human settlement,irrigated agriculture and livestock,sugarcane farming,hydropower.agro and other industries with supporting services.GODB in 1960’s was transformed in to River Valley Development Board(RVDB)which undertook similar development in the Walawe Basin of the South of the country.The services that were provided including the custodianship of infrastructure was handed over to the respective line agencies.In late 1960’s Mahaveli Development Board (MDB)was established to develop a master plan to use water resources in Mahaweli River.An accelerated programme to develop the Mahaweli water resources led to the development of Mahaweli Autority of Sri Lanka (MASL) in 1979.The RVDB after fulfilling its functions was also handed over to Mahaweli Authority of Sri Lanka(MASL) in late 1980’s.Large multipurpose projects of similar nature in other basins now come under the custodianship of MASL.
    The biggest challenge for implementing IWRM in the basin is lack of a national water policy.

    • #8891
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      carlos diaz delgado
      Participant

      Dear Khema,
      Thanks for sharing with us your very interesting information about the roots of water management efforts made in your country. As you know the water management has been always be present all over the world, but these water management ways had been different as a function of the water availability and the water management became more rigorous as the competition of this resource became higher. Nowadays the amount of people, climate change and the poor water quality are pushing us to a new water management framework where we have to pay more attention on how to optimize water and improve its conservation.

  • #8867
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    Rosario Barranquero
    Participant

    I think that in Argentina the basin management of water resources is not considered. Although we have institutions to work to this space level, as the Basin Committees, the decisions are taken by other political-administrative divisions such as municipalities. The basin is recognized as the best geographical demarcation for the management of water resources, but they are not generated strategies and action channels to make viable Basin Committees needs and can carry out a real territorial management. I think one of the main challenges is that these agencies begin to function effectively to ensure a participatory, integrated and politico-economic and legal feasibility management.

    • #8892
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      carlos diaz delgado
      Participant

      Dear Rosario,
      As you could see trough all over the six modules of this course undoubtedly the water management framework will change not only in Argentina but all over the world. Particularly because the enormous complexity of problems related with water, the solution needs the cooperation of all stakeholders to build a sustainable development from the local to the national and global scales.

  • #8943
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    Fatma Ibnouf
    Participant

    To be honest I don’t have enough knowledge about river basin management of water resources in my country Sudan and the challenge for implementing IWRM in the basin. So I copied this copied word-for-word from Abdeen Mustafa Omer (2008) Water resources and freshwater ecosystems in Sudan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 12, Issue 8, Pages 2066-2091
    The Nile Basin Initiative process matured in May 2001 by adopting both the Initiative and the Common Vision. This is a Strategic Action Programme involving basin-wide projects in addition to sub-basin joint projects. These are seven broad-based programmes:
    _ The Nile Trans-boundary Environmental Action
    _ Nile Basin Regional Power Trade
    _ Water Resources Planning and Management
    _ Confidence Building
    _ Stakeholders Involvement (Communication)
    _ Applied Training
    _ Socio-economic Development and Benefit Sharing
    Concurrently, countries of the ‘‘Eastern Nile’’ and those of ‘‘Equatorial Lakes region’’ have identified joint projects (Subsidiary Action Programmes). Basically, the Nile Basin Initiative is a country and needs-driven programme. It should be stressed here that the Nile should have been treated as one indivisible whole. Historically all control works and projects have been carried out where and when the need arose. Engineers and diplomats were the only players and other stakeholders were never involved.

  • #9002
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    Brajesh Tomar
    Participant

    The water establishment in the country-India is increasingly accepting the fact that the river basin has to be the logical and rational unit for planning of water resources development. With this The water establishment in the country-India is increasingly accepting the fact that the river basin has to be the logical and rational unit for planning of water resources development. With this realization, river basin planning – under different names – is emerging as an important part of the water bureaucracy’s vocabulary, even though action on the ground is still far from being a norm. Government of India brought up River Basin Management Bill-2012. It is under discussion and not acceptable to states in present form, reason, it gives more power to central government. The Bill certainly needs drastic changes. The river basin management required the subjective participation of local people who have relationship with river. Centralized management can also lead to privatization of river basins. Grass root governance has to be demonstrated as an potential alternative to the centralized water management practices.The relationship between people and river to be revitalized.

  • #9191
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    Elizabeth Unger
    Participant

    In my research, watershed management in the state of Massachusetts is quite comprehensive. One interesting component to increase awareness is volunteer environmental monitoring. It is grant program to foster the development of new and existing monitoring groups, and by providing technical assistance as needed. These groups may be responsible for monitoring watersheds.

    On the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection website there are several links to different resources.

    http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/massdep/water/watersheds/environmental-monitoring-for-volunteers.html#1

    The question that remains is how many people have volunteered.

  • #9237
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    SEVERE FOSSI TUEKAM
    Participant

    In Cameroon, watershed management through IWRM approach is not yet good implemented. The Cameroonian government is just putting in place a framework of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in the different watershed of the country. A national workshop to launch the process was opened by the Ministry of Water and Energy on April 8th, 2015 in Yaounde. River Basin Commissions, precisely the “Sanaga Basin Commissioon”, will include among its members, the State, that drives the national policy, but also farmers, energy producers, local authorities and other NGOs in charge of the environment protection. Each party shall do the monitoring and set its problems, so that the group brings cooperative solutions for the community interest.

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